The Body-cathexis Scale is examined to assess its psychometric properties. Results indicate a strong unidimensional measure with high internal consistency. The Body Cathexis Scale (BCS) was the first psychometric instrument devised to measure body dissatisfaction. In this study we report the. The oriainal Bodv-cathexis Scale (BCS) used by Secord and Jourard () consisted of a list of 46 parts or aspects of the body. These were rated by.
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Considering the importance of the construct of body-self in notions of personality and self-concept, the scale clearly has utility in further psychological research.
It must be emphasized that such a procedure relaxes the criterion of detenninancy considerably and so no strong claim for the uniqueness of this solution can be made here. Tucker-was reluctant to use both sexes in his analysis-due to-evidence that sex influences feeling towards the body. Skip to main content. Perceptual and Motor Skills73, Factor V is a body-built factor associated with weight, while Factor VI is a body-built factor associated with physique and muscular strength. Skills 53, Body cathexis and the ideal female figure.
A psychometric investigation into the body-cathexis scale | Sean Hammond –
Journal of Consulting Psychology, 17 5 Cultural scripting, particularly male socialization that fosters exercise involvement and physical fitness, may be partially responsible for higher body cathexis scores among males, since participation in fitness activities tends to yield significant improvement in body satisfaction.
The scale was completed in all cases within 20 min.
This is a prerequisite of replicable factors. Procedure The questionnaire was administered in groups during a class or lecture period. Consequently, as suggested by the results of caghexis the body cathexis and self cathexis scales which represent attitudes about conceptual aspects of the self in correlation to the bodylow body cathexis is significantly associated with anxiety, insecurity, and negative perceptions of the self.
The Italian version of the Body Cathexis Scale.
The Journal of Abnormal and Cthexis Psychology, 50 2 The results suggest that the measure has unidimensional properties. Split-half reliabilities for the scale reported by Secord and Jourard ranged from 0. The determinancy and factor correlations are shown in Table 3.
Clothing and Textiles Research Journal8 2 In addition to the purely kinaesthetic information gleaned from the body, bodyy of the self-concept is dependent upon cultural attitudes to the physical attributes it possesses.
These were cathedis by respondents according to a 5-point Likert scale ranging from strong positive to strong negative cathexis. However, this analysis does suggest that a number of aspects of the body-self coalesce to form the strong unitary trait of body-cathexis. Seven items did not have salient loadings of any of the factors. Therefore, dissatisfaction with the fit of garments can lead to lower body cathexis and negative attitudes regarding overall appearance, body dimensions, and weight.
Click here to sign up. From Wikipedia, the free cathexia. The items all lie within a positive manifold, the maximum inter-item correlation being 0.
In order for simple structure to be achieved the factors were rotated obliquely. Body cathexis is defined as the degree of satisfaction or dissatisfaction one feels towards various parts and aspects of his or her own body. While the body has been studied by psychologists from numerous different viewpoints, few recent reports of systematic empirical cwthexis into feelings about the body exist.
Institute for Social Research, Ann. Internal structure, factor satisfaction, and reliability of the body cathexis scale. Total body cathexis BC is obtained by summing the ratings for each of the 46 characteristics and dividing by total number of items. The resulting a was 0.
Clothing and Textiles Research Journal2, cathxeis This finding further undermines claims of a multidimensional scale. The means and standard deviations of each item were calculated to observe their ability to discriminate between Ss. Gardner Press, New York.
The factor correlations reveal that they are not mutually independent as the smallest inter-factor correlation is 0. Nevertheless, the seven-factor solution, upon rotation, showed clear simple structure and ease of interpretation.
Journal of Applied Social Psychology.
The Italian version of the Body Cathexis Scale.
Factors manifesting an appropriate degree of determinancy were rotated to simple structure using the Oblimin procedure of Jennrich and Sampson One’s perception of his or her body and the feelings associated with this perceived image greatly influence overall satisfaction with the self and can predict levels of self-esteem.
Respondents below the age of 17 were sampled from schools in Cork city and the remainder were students at University College, Cork; of the sample were female and were male. The number of items in the scale has varied over subsequent studies.
Using scales of body cathexis and self cathexis, the Maslow Test of Psychological Security-Insecurity, and an anxiety-related body cathexis homonym test, Secord and Jourard concluded that the body and self tend to be cathected to the same degree.